Subseries 1 - Cemeteries

Open original Digital object

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Cemeteries

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of subseries.

Level of description

Subseries

Reference code

CA EDM RG-21-3-1

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • [ca. 1882]-2001, predominant 1900-2001 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

7 m textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

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Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Custodial history

Scope and content

This sub-series consists of minutes, reports, correspondence, burial ledgers, monument and burial applications, agreements, and other records relating to the various functions performed by cemeteries operated by the City of Edmonton.

Most early cemeteries in Edmonton were private or created by religious organizations. It was not until 1914 that the City established Beechmount Cemetery as the first municipal graveyard. At this time there were three other private cemeteries operating within Edmonton’s city limits, including Edmonton Cemetery, Mount Pleasant Cemetery, and Little Mountain Cemetery.

The Edmonton Cemetery Company was formed in 1886 and received a charter in the same year. It was a limited stock company with no dividends issued to stockholders. The Board of Directors consisted of many of the city's prominent men including Matt McCauley, Alex Taylor, George D. K. Kinnaird. The company acquired land from the Hudson's Bay reserve and established the grave yard south of 107th Avenue between 117th and 119th Streets. Later acquisitions expanded the grounds west and northward. In 1922 a large expansion to the west included a large reserve for a military field of honor around a Cross of Sacrifice, similar to those found in Europe, erected by the Veterans War Graves Commission. In 1932 a neo-classical Mausoleum was built on the north side of 107th Avenue. By the 1960s issues of financial viability and the need for perpetual care prompted the company to initiate negotiations to surrender their charter to the city. The transfer occurred in 1965.

Mount Pleasant Cemetery was a private burial ground in Strathcona. The first burials were in the 1890s, with the earliest marker showing 1893. The Strathcona Cemetery Company formed in 1900 to administer the cemetery. The City of Edmonton took over operation of this cemetery in 1941.

Little Mountain Cemetery was formed in 1895 as a church graveyard. Land was donated to Little Mountain Cemetery Company in 1900 and it became a public burial ground. After decades of financial struggle, the records were transferred to the City in 1981, and the City took the cemetery over in 1985.

As time progressed the City required more land for cemeteries. In 1972 the City purchased land off St. Albert Trail north of 137 Avenue. It was officially named Sturgeon Heights Memorial Park in 1986, then renamed Northern Lights Memorial Park in 1987. The first burial there occurred in 1989. In 1985 a piece of City owned land was chosen for the site of a future cemetery. It was officially named South Haven Cemetery in 1987 and opened the following year.

The most recent cemetery to come under the City’s control is Clover Bar Cemetery, which was established in 1901 behind the Clover Bar Church. Homesteader W.H. Wilkinson donated his land for the cemetery and he and nine other local residents formed a cemetery company. The City of Edmonton took over the running of this cemetery in 1995.

The Health Department was responsible for cemetery operations from 1914 until 1929, at which time responsibility was transferred to the Engineering Department. In 1947 the newly created Parks Department took control. The Parks Department evolved to become the Parks and Recreation Department in 1962, and later the Community Services Department in 1997.

Notes area

Physical condition

In September 2015 a water leak was discovered in the East Basement. Nearly all the records in this series had become saturated with water and gone mouldy. Emergency conservation was undertaken to dry the records, and a professional paper conservator worked for several months in late 2015 and early 2016 decontaminating the records and rehousing them.

Immediate source of acquisition

This material was transferred to the City of Edmonton Archives between 1974 and 2014 directly from the department and through the Corporate Records Centre.

Arrangement

The material was arranged according to the filing system of the creator.

Language of material

  • English
  • French

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Edmonton Cemetery Grave Registers (files 165-169) have been digitized and digital access copies are available.

Restrictions on access

File 105 has been restricted under FOIP Section 17(1) due to the presence of third party personal information. Several pages have been severed from the file and replaced with separation sheets. For access to those pages please contact the City of Edmonton FOIP Coordinator.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright may apply.
Reproduction restrictions may apply.

Finding aids

File list available online.

Associated materials

See also: Edmonton Chevra Kadisha Society fonds at the Jewish Archives and Historical Society of Edmonton and Northern Alberta

Accruals

Further accruals are expected.

General note

Accession numbers: A74-34, A89-127, A99-65, A2000-32, A2005-102, A2006-136, A2007-82, A2014-55, A2014-78, A2014-99

General note

In May, 2018 file 106 was removed. Upon being reviewed by the Office of the City Clerk for issues around FOIP, there was no longer enough information in the file to justify keeping it as a representative example of how the Cemetery conducted business, and as a result it was destroyed.

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

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Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

City of Edmonton Archives

Rules or conventions

Rules for Archival Description (RAD)
Archives Society of Alberta Subject Terms

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description

Sources

Digital object (Master) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

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Physical storage

  • Box: East B
  • Shelf: West B