Fonds MS-100 - Alexander Cameron Rutherford fonds

First Mayor & Council, Strathcona Bennett, Thomas Duggan, John J. Walter, John Mclntyre, Malcolm Rutherford, Alexander C. Hulbert, R.A. McKenzie, John J. Sheppard, William H.
Open original Digital object

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Alexander Cameron Rutherford fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record
  • Graphic material - photograph
  • Architectural drawing

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of fonds.

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Reference code


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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1896 - 1910 (Creation)
    Rutherford, Alexander Cameron

Physical description area

Physical description

2 cm of textual records. - 1 photograph collage. - 2 plans

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Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Alexander Cameron Rutherford was born in Osgoode, Carleton County, Ontario, on February 2, 1857 to James and Elizabeth (Cameron) Rutherford. His parents emigrated to Canada from Aberfeldy, Scotland in 1855. He was educated in the public and high schools in Metcalfe, Ontario and attended Woodstock College. He taught school for a year and then attended McGill University in Montreal where he received his Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Civil Law degrees in 1881. He articled with Sir Richard Scott in Ottawa, was admitted to the Bar of Ontario in 1885 and immediately went into the partnership of Hodgins, Kidd and Rutherford with offices in Ottawa and Kemptville. In 1888 he married Mattie Birkett and they had two children, Cecil, and Hazel.
He came west to South Edmonton (later Strathcona), North-West Territories in 1895, set up a law practice and became active in local politics. He served as Secretary of the local school board for nine years. With the incorporation of the Town of Strathcona, he became Secretary-Treasurer in 1899, serving until 1905. After two defeats in 1896 and 1898, he was elected to the North West Territories Assembly in 1902, serving until 1905. During this period he was Deputy Speaker.
In 1905, he was called to lead the first government of Alberta. Dr. Rutherford also held the portfolios of Provincial Treasurer and Minister of Education. In 1906, he introduced a bill which founded the University of Alberta and also founded the Provincial Normal School. In recognition of his efforts to establish higher education in the new prairie province, the University of Toronto awarded him an LL.D. in 1907. He resigned as Premier on May 26, 1910
He continued to take an interest in higher education the University of Alberta. In 1924 he was appointed the West Member of the Board of Governors for McGill University. He was elected Chancellor of the University of Alberta in 1927 and continued in that position until his death on June 12, 1941.

Custodial history

Hazel (Rutherford) McCuaig was the daughter of Alexander Cameron Rutherford.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of correspondence relating to his activities as a candidate for the North-West Territories Legislature, service as Secretary-Treasurer of the Town of Strathcona, N.W.T., officer of the Strathcona Liberal Association and Premier of Alberta. There is also one framed photographic collage, first mayor and council, Strathcona, 1899.
Also included are documents relating to Alexander Cameron Rutherford and the Town of Strathcona, possibly acquired by Doug Babcock during his research for his biography, 'Alexander Cameron Rutherford : A Gentleman of Strathcona', 1980.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

This fonds was donated to the City of Edmonton Archives by Hazel (Rutherford) McCuaig in five donations made between 1962 and 1980.


The material was arranged by the archivist type of record and then in chronological order.
The photograph was assigned item number with the prefix EA-10.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

There are no restrictions on access.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright may apply.

Finding aids

Finding aid available online.
Photograph has been described at the item level and is available in the Reference Room.

Associated materials

See also:
Alexander Cameron Rutherford fonds (1969-164) at the University of Alberta Archives,
Alexander Cameron Rutherford fonds (PR0252) at the Provincial Archives of Alberta,


No further accruals are expected.

General note

Accession numbers: A62-5, A64-5, A75-37, A75-104, A80-97

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City of Edmonton Archives

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Rules for Archival Description (RAD)
Archives Society of Alberta Subject Terms



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Physical storage

  • Box: MS Room
  • Map cabinet: MS Room
  • Box: Library